Did Canada's PM Direct CPPIB to Invest in India?

Louis Baudoin-Laarman of AFP Canada reports that Justin Trudeau did not direct Canada’s pension fund investments to India:
A post claims that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau “took” two billion dollars from Canada’s retirement fund in order to give it to housing projects in India. This is false. The independent Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) has invested more than $8 billion in Indian ventures since 2009, but the Canadian prime minister plays no role in deciding how Canada Pension Plan funds are invested.

A three year-old YouTube video resurfaced on July 25, when the Facebook page “Justin Trudeau Not” posted it alongside the caption: “Trudeau directs 2 billion from Canada Pension Fund to Mumbai.”


The video was also shared thousands of times via this 2016 article from the Cultural Action Party of Canada. According to data from CrowdTangle, that article was reposted in multiple Canadian Facebook groups in July 2019.


In the video, a man donning a t-shirt supporting a Conservative member of parliament claims that Trudeau took $2 billion from Canadian citizens’ retirement savings in order to fund housing projects in the Indian city of Mumbai.

Based on the comments, several Facebook users understood that the Canadian prime minister stole the money from the pension fund in order to give it to India as a form of grant, as comments such as “he should go to jail until he pays it all back,” suggest.


The claims made in the video are based on a 2016 Reuters article published on the CBC website citing a statement from the chief minister of Mumbai’s state of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis. Fadnavis told reporters, “A week back, the Canadian ambassador … informed me that the Canadian pension fund is ready to invest $2 billion in Mumbai for affordable housing.”

“Everything about that is totally not true,” Darryl Konenbelt, director of media relations for the CPPIB, told AFP. “That alleged $2 billion in housing is not true.”

AFP contacted the High Commission of Canada in India to verify if High Commissioner Nadir Patal has spoken with Fandavis, but it had not answered by the time of publication.

Canada Pension Plan Investment Board’s India ventures

The CPPIB is an independent institution in charge of investing funds from the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), Canada’s federal retirement scheme. The CPPIB manages the retirement savings of 20 million contributors, nearly all working individuals in Canada, outside Quebec, which has its own pension plan.

CPPIB began to invest in India in 2009. In April 2019, Alain Carrier, CPPIB head of international, said in an interview that the investment board had invested Can$8.2 billion in the subcontinent, representing about 2 percent of the fund’s global exposure. India is one of 52 countries in which the CPP funds are invested, far behind the United States, the main recipient with Can$131.2 billion. The fund also invests Can$60.9 billion in Canada.

Since the CPPIB manages public funds, most holdings and investments can be consulted online here. The Real Estate portfolio shows only two companies in India: Indospace Industrial and Phoenix Mills Limited. The former creates industrial and warehouse parks throughout India, while the latter builds “retail-led mixed-use” properties in Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore and Chennai, according to their respective websites.

CPPIB staff did not wish to provide AFP with any further statements on the subject of the board’s investments in India.

Government interference

The claim that Trudeau influenced CPPIB investment decisions is false. Although the CPP is the country’s public pension, the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act guarantees CPPIB’s autonomy from the government.


CPPIB’s twelve board directors are approved by the minister of finance. However, “politicians have absolutely no influence on CPPIB’s investment decisions,” Keith Ambachtsheer, director emeritus of the International Centre for Pension Management told AFP in an email. “If any CPPIB board member is contacted by a politician on any investment matter, the Board member MUST report the encounter immediately,” he added.


The CPPIB’s web page also states that, “the assets of the fund are managed in the best interest of the Canadian contributors and beneficiaries who participate in the Canada Pension Plan. These assets are strictly segregated from government funds.”
It never ceases to amaze me how stupid the general population is when it comes to the issues in general, let alone the governance of CPPIB.

Of course, they read idiotic comments from Andrew Coyne (like this one and this one) and think CPPIB is just "lucky" in its active management and an extension of the government.

There's no government in interference in CPPIB's operations. None, zero, zilch. The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act guarantees CPPIB’s autonomy from the government:


As you can read, the federal Minister cannot unilaterally appoint any director. They have to consult their provincial counterparts, there has to be regional representation and even though it isn't explicitly stated, there has to be gender diversity on CPPIB's board.

As far as the Chair:
The Governor in Council shall, on the recommendation of the Minister made after the Minister has consulted with the board of directors and the appropriate provincial Ministers of the participating provinces, designate one of the directors as Chairperson to hold office during good behaviour for such term as the Governor in Council deems appropriate.
It's then up to the Board to appoint officers: "The board of directors may, subject to the by-laws, designate the offices of the Board, appoint officers of the Board and specify their duties."

The Board oversees operations but doesn't get involved in the day to day operations of CPPIB.

Last week, I discussed the fallout at IMCO following the removal of the Chair and explicitly stated:
IMCO has tremendous potential to become a world-class organization but political interference will destroy this potential and harm current and future members. They need to clean up the governance to make sure this never happens.

IMCO's CEO Bert Clark has a tough enough job running this place and trying to attract new clients to IMCO. He doesn't need them reading these articles and questioning the organization's governance. The same goes for attracting talent to IMCO, nobody will want to embark on the Doug Ford bus, if that's where IMCO is headed.

There's trouble at IMCO, a constitutional crisis of sorts, and the sooner they address it, the better off the organization will be over the long run.
The last thing you want is political patronage at Canada's large public pensions, whether it's at the board level, management or any level.

Someone told me: "Doug Ford is gunning for Bert Clark to even the score because his father was a special advisor to Kathleen Wynne."

Really? Doug Ford has so many problems, the last thing he needs to do is stick his nose into IMCO. There are legacy issues at IMCO that Bert Clark had to deal with and that's why the ramp-up took longer than expected.

Anyway, look at CPPIB's independence from government interference and that's the model every other large pension in Canada and quite frankly the rest of the world should follow.

I'm no fan of "sock boy" in Ottawa but it's ludicrous to claim Justin Trudeau has any influence whatsoever on CPPIB's investments. He doesn't and neither did his predecessor and that's exactly how it should be.

Keep the politicians as far away from our public pensions as possible. I hope I make myself crystal clear here.

Below, for 20 years CPPIB has invested in the best interests of CPP contributors and beneficiaries. Listen to its CEO, Mark Machin, share more about our 20th anniversary in his message.

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